Does Fatalism Affect Cancer Screenings?
Received Date : 09 Apr 2022
Accepted Date : 09 Oct 2023
Available Online : 26 Oct 2023
Doi: 10.37047/jos.2022-90447 - Article's Language: EN
Journal of Oncological Sciences. 2024;10(1):1-8.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
Objective: This study aimed to identify the effect of fatalist beliefs on the attitude toward cancer screening. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study design had a research population comprising individuals residing in Türkiye and aged ≥18 years; the research sample comprised 1,516 individuals who satisfied the inclusion criteria of this study. We used the personal information form, the Fatalism Scale, and the Attitude Scale for Cancer Screening-Short Form for this study. Results: The results revealed statistically significant differences in the means of the participants’ Fatalism Scale scores for the following variables: education level, income level, place of residence, profession, and perceived state of health (p<0.05). Statistically significant differences were observed in the means of the scores obtained by the participants from the Attitude Scale for Cancer Screening-Short Form for the following variables: gender, education level, income level, and cigarette smoking status (p<0.05). These findings showed that fatalism had a statistically significant negative relationship with the cancer screening attitude (t=-2.171, p<0.05). Conclusion: It was ascertained that the participants had a positive attitude toward cancer screening and medium-level fatalism perception, and increased levels of fatalism perception negatively affected the attitude toward cancer screening.
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